meaning of platonic love

platonic definition: 1. [3], The ladder starts with carnal attraction of body for body, progressing to a love for body and soul. 2 : a close relationship between two persons in which sexual desire is nonexistent or has been suppressed or sublimated. By extension, it may be used to cover that stage of chivalrous or courtly love in which sexual intercourse is indefinitely postponed. The centre of philosophical interest lies in the discourse of Socrates, which he professes to have learned from the priestess Diotima of Mantinea. Platonic love can be sturdy, unwavering, and unfazed. [4], "So this is how I assert that Eros is the oldest, most honorable, and most competent of the gods with regard to the acquisition of virtue and happiness by human beings both when living and dead. The English term dates back to William Davenant's The Platonic Lovers (performed in 1635); a critique of the philosophy of platonic love which was popular at Charles I's court. Real platonic love is stronger and more meaningful than romantic or sexual love. It resonates with element water, since emotions need to flow. Corrections? 1 : love conceived by Plato as ascending from passion for the individual to contemplation of the universal and ideal. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Since the Cube is the most stable Platonic Solid and roots love to grow in the Earth, it strongly resonates with the Root Chakra. "[4] (187d, 17) - Eryximachus' "completion" of Pausanias' speech on Eros, Plato's Symposium defines two extremes in the process of platonic love; the entirely carnal and the entirely ethereal. They refer to the special bond of affection between two men Plato had highlighted in a dialogue, and exemplified by the affection between Socrates and his young male pupils, in particular to the one between Socrates and Alcibiades. Thus it resonates with the Icosahedron. [3], What Plato describes as "pregnancy of the body" is entirely carnal and seeks pleasure and beauty in bodily form only. It is named after Greek philosopher Plato, though the philosopher never used the term himself. "Dynamics of vision in Plato's thought. The Sacral Chakra, also known as the Swadishthan Chakra, represents Joy, well being and emotion. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The first use of the modern sense of platonic love is taken a… The object which awakens this desirous love in all its forms is beauty, and beauty is eternal. Eventually, in time, with consequent steps up the ladder, the idea of beauty is eventually no longer connected with a body, but entirely united with Being itself. Virtue is the result of pregnancy of the soul. It is derived from the concept in Plato's Symposium of the love of the idea of good which lies at the root of all virtue and truth. It may also be used to cover that stage of courtly love in which sexual intercourse is indefinitely postponed. Still more spiritual is the endeavour, in association with chosen minds, to enrich philosophy and science with noble discourses and thoughts. In the following quote, the author simplifies the idea of virtue as simply what is "good". Pregnancy of the body results in human children. So, while it can certainly coexist with erotic love, it can also help both parties to it live more fulfilling lives even in the absence of romance. The love between friends is platonic love. Originally, Plato’s view was directed towards same-sex relationships (sexual or not), but as time passed, our definition of platonic love has shifted. Two Meanings of platonic Originally, Platonic love was love that was not vulgar, meaning it wasn’t centered on lust or fulfilling carnal needs. Updates? This was caused by Georgios Gemistos Plethon during the Councils of Ferrara and Firenze in 1438–1439. It explains the possibilities of how the feeling of love began, and how it has evolved — both sexually and non … Virtue, according to Greek philosophy, is the concept of how closely reality and material form equate with the ideal, true essence of an idea, such as beauty. According to Science Daily, “Platonic love in its modern popular sense is an affectionate relationship into which the sexual element does not enter, … Platonic love, a supremely affectionate relationship between human beings in which sexual intercourse is neither desired nor practiced. Socrates defines love based on separate classifications of pregnancy (to bear offspring); pregnancy of the body, pregnancy of the soul, and direct connection to Being. Platonic love is understood as a distance love, based on fantasy and idealization , where the object of love is the perfect being, which possesses all good qualities and without defects. Platonic relationships generally involve a deep friendship of non-sexual nature among two heterosexual individuals who may or may not be of the opposite sex. Platonic love in this original sense of the term is examined in Plato's dialogue the Symposium, which has as its topic the subject of love or Eros generally. Platonic friendship specifically refers to friendship between two people who could, in theory, feel attracted to each other. All the surprises in the world could pop up, but this relationship may stay the same. Such a form of love is impossible for a mortal to achieve. Watch Queue Queue. Vulgar Eros is nothing but mere material attraction towards a beautiful body for physical pleasure and reproduction. [8], "Platonic love in its modern popular sense is an affectionate relationship into which the sexual element does not enter, especially in cases where one might easily assume otherwise. A platonic relationship or…. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. ", Herrmann, F. (2013). The first use of the modern sense of platonic love is taken as an invention of Ficino in one of his letters. Platonic love definition in English dictionary, Platonic love meaning, synonyms, see also 'Platonic solid',Platonic body',Platonically',plutonic'. ‘platonic love’ ‘Modern readers continue to debate whether the poems express platonic friendship or sexual love.’ ‘Have you had a platonic friendship that crossed the line and became romantic or sexual?’ ‘It is a purely platonic friendship, we are good company for each other.’ The term amor platonicus was coined as early as the 15th Century by the Florentine scholar Marsilio Ficino as a synonym for amor socraticus. In this sense, it most often refers to a heterosexual relationship. For a brief period, Platonic love was a fashionable subject at the English royal court, especially in the circle around Queen Henrietta Maria, the wife of King Charles I. Platonic love was the theme of some of the courtly masques performed in the Caroline era—though the fashion soon waned under pressures of social and political change. Duras and platonic love: The erotics of substitution. Platonic love (often lower-cased as platonic love)[1] is a type of love that is not sexual. It is the use of the word love that directs us towards a deeper relationship than the scope of a normal friendship. 2 Both expressions signify a love focused on the beauty of a person's character and intelligence rather than on their physical charms. This is the ancient, philosophical interpretation. Platonic love: dasein's urge toward being. “And those who only know the non-platonic love have no need to talk of tragedy. [5], "Eros is ... a moment of transcendence ... in so far as the other can never be possessed without being annihilated in its status as the other, at which point both desire and transcendence would cease ... (84)[5], In the Symposium, Eros is discussed as a Greek god—more specifically, the king of the gods, with each guest of the party giving a eulogy in praise of Eros. Platonic describes a relationship that is purely spiritual and not physical. According to Plato, there are different stages of appreciation and love that a person must go through if he feels inclined to experience the ultimate and divine love, named ‘The Beautiful’. [3], "... virtue for the Greeks means self-sameness ... in Plato's terms, Being or idea. The term is named after the philosopher Plato, although the philosopher never used the term himself. The term is named after Plato, who philosophised about the nature of love. (2013). Platonic love, a phrase used in two senses, with allusion in both cases to Plato’s account of love in his Symposium. Platonic love meant ideal sympathy ; it now means the love of a sentimental young gentleman for a woman he cannot or will not marry. Platonic love got its name from the Greek philosopher Plato who in his famous Symposium wrote about the meaning of love from different viewpoints. These two extremes of love are seen by the Greeks in terms of tragedy and comedy. ", Rojcewicz, R. (1997). She values the platonic friendship she has had with Chris for ten years. Platonic love or platonic relationship means a close relationship between two people that is not romantic. The step of this ascent is known as the "Ladder of Love". The offspring of true virtue would essentially lead to a mortal achieving immortality.[6]. Plato defined platonic love as the kind of love that motivates us to become better versions of ourselves, inspiring us to pursue greater goals, and bringing us closer to enlightenment or the divine. "Duras and platonic love: The erotics of substitution. • Lovely platonic evenings, the odd kiss and fumble? The desirous soul is not yet in fruition of the good. Platonic definition is - of, relating to, or characteristic of Plato or Platonism. This is the type of love, that, according to Socrates, is practiced by animals. Sometimes, the connection is even greater. If a guy and a girl hang out all the time but aren't boyfriend and girlfriend, they'd describe their friendship as platonic. Platonic love is a type of love that is chaste and non-sexual. "(106)[3], In short, with genuine platonic love, the beautiful or lovely other person inspires the mind and the soul and directs one's attention to spiritual things. To put it simply, platonic love refers to a form of love that is not sexual. Thus, in common speech, platonic love means a supremely affectionate relationship between human beings in which sexual intercourse is neither desired nor practiced. [clarification needed][2], Platonic love is examined in Plato's dialogue, the Symposium, which has as its topic the subject of love or Eros generally. Some modern authors' perception of the terms "virtue" and "good" as they are translated into English from the Symposium are a good indicator of this misunderstanding. So the expression does line up with what Plato says about love. This concept of Divine Eros is later transformed into the term platonic love. Throughout these eras platonic love slowly was categorized into different subsections, which were: There is a type of porosity that allows love to filter through one type and into the next, causing them to seep into and pass through each other. A platonic relationship or emotion is loving but not sexual: 2. Platonic describes a relationship that is purely spiritual and not physical. According to Diotima in her discussion with Socrates, for anyone to achieve the final rung in the Ladder of Love, they would essentially transcend the body and rise to immortality—gaining direct access to Being. Learn more. [4], "[...] decent human beings must be gratified, as well as those that are not as yet decent, so that they might become more decent; and the love of the decent must be preserved. 3 Meaning of platonic love Platonic is an adjective that comes from Platonĭcus, a term from the Latin language. It is on the way to fruition, just as the philosopher is not yet in possession of wisdom but is reaching out after it. ", This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 11:58. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary This is the celebrated Platonic Love, which, from having originally meant a communion of two souls, and that in a rigidly dialectical sense, has been degraded to the expression of maudlin sentiment between the sexes. A platonic relationship or emotion is loving but not sexual: 2. Though Plato's discussions of love originally centered on relationships which were sexual and between members of the same sex, scholar Todd Reeser studies how the meaning of platonic love in Plato's original sense underwent a transformation during the Renaissance, leading to the contemporary sense of nonsexual heterosexual love.[7]. [3], Diotima considers the idea of a mortal having direct access to Being to be a comic situation simply because of the impossibility of it. [according to whom?] For Plato, love aims at beautiful and good things, because this brings happiness. It brought about the best in both people. Each step closer to the truth further distances love from beauty of the body toward love that is more focused on wisdom and the essence of beauty. A more spiritual form of the same craving for eternity is the aspiration to win immortal fame by combining with a kindred soul to give birth to sound institutions and rules of life. Definition of platonic love. "[9] "Platonic lovers function to underscore a supportive role where the friend sees her or his duty as the provision of advice, encouragement, and comfort to the other person ... and do not entail exclusivity."[10]. Miller, P. A. Dynamics of vision in Plato's thought. What about the fact that boys and girls can never be friends? [3] This definition varies considerably from the modern English interpretation of the term, where virtue equates to that which is good, positive, or benevolent. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Pregnancy of the soul, the next step in the process, produces "virtue"—which is the soul (truth) translating itself into material form. Pausanias, in Plato's Symposium (181b–182a), explained two types of love or Eros—Vulgar Eros or earthly love and Divine Eros or divine love. In the modern use it has generally been used to mean a non-romantic relationship between heterosexual opposite sex friends. From the Renaissance to the end of the 19th century, the term platonic love was also used as an occasional euphemism for homosexual love, in view of the comparatively tolerant attitude to such love discernible in Plato as well as in other Greek authors. Platonic love as devised by Plato concerns rising through levels of closeness to wisdom and true beauty from carnal attraction to individual bodies to attraction to souls, and eventually, union with the truth. In the Middle Ages arose a new interest in Plato, his philosophy and his view of love. It explains the possibilities of how the feeling of love began and how it has evolved—both sexually and non-sexually. Truth and wisdom are the most dependable and beautiful and the best of all good things, and this is why Plato suggests that love is not a god but rather a philosopher. Secondly, a study by Hause and Messman[which?] "Platonic love: dasein's urge toward being. Later in 1469, Marsilio Ficino put forward a theory of neo-platonic love in which he defines love as a personal ability of an individual which guides their soul towards cosmic processes and lofty spiritual goals and heavenly ideas (De Amore, Les Belles Lettres, 2012). There is no need for a sexual connection. On Ficin… Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. 5 Signs of Platonic Love 1. The Symposium depicts Socrates as the type of the aspirant who has reached the goal of union and sets in sharp opposition to him the figure of Alcibiades, who has sold his spiritual birthright for the pleasures and ambitions of the world. One would be forever limited to beauty of the body, never being able to access the true essence of beauty. • And her diary reveals claims that her request for a purely platonic friendship had been loosely interpreted by Gerald. Instead, it was a love that inspired nobler pursuits, and brought one closer to the divine. • When I talk about love affairs, I also include platonic love affairs. platonic expression of inclination or liking. It usually applies to that love which develops from an ideal or imagination, without any sexual intimacy. "... what is good is beautiful, and what is beautiful is good ..."[6], The Ladder of Love is named as such because it relates each step toward Being itself as consecutive rungs of a ladder. "Motives to Remain Platonic, Equity, and the Use of Maintenance Strategies in Opposite-Sex Friendships. That’s why when we use the term in daily life, we talk about it as a non-romantic love you have for a friend, which obviously means it’s non-sexual, too. 2. adjective [usually ADJECTIVE noun] Platonic means relating to the ideas of the Greek philosopher Plato. A … [4], "Now, if both these portraits of love, the tragic and the comic, are exaggerations, then we could say that the genuine portrayal of Platonic love is the one that lies between them. A feeling of familiarity with another. A word has synonyms as well as antonyms. Opposite Of Platonic, Antonyms of Platonic, Meaning and Example Sentences Antonym opposite words contradict each other and meet opposite meanings. The term platonic love originally comes from philosopher Plato who described his notion of love in his famous text ‘The Symposium”. The following signs will make it easier to identify a platonic love friendship. When we learn a language, when we learn a word in that language, it will be very useful for us to learn both the opposite and the synonyms of this word. This video is unavailable. (2013). Clearly, today this is no longer completely the case. 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