Application of high end technology like genetic engineering and nanotechnology are an encouraging development for the growth of cotton. The total production of cotton in the world is close to 25 million tonnes, worth a whopping 12 billion dollars. Production (1000 480 lb. Although not confirmed, it is believed that this tree originated in what is now present-day Iraq. It’s a good thing that they have seen growth in production from 1980 to 1991 since it is integral to the country’s economy. Australian cotton is known for its color, strength, fiber length and lack of contamination. They lost a lot of their crops due to pest infestation in 1990, but a US-based company provided them with genetically modified Bt cotton seeds which helped them in reviving the industry but in recent times, the farmers have avoided using modified seeds, saying the fibers they produce do not have the same quality as organically grown. Season of sowing and harvesting varies in India Currently it is grown over 6 per cent of the net sown area. Being the most sought after raw material in the world there is a huge competition between the countries for the commercial production of cotton. This country covers over 2.5 million square kilometers and is considered to be the largest country on the African continent. Brazil produces an estimated amount of 1,639,537 metric tons of cotton per year. It produces a total of 3… The United States is the second-largest producer and world’s largest exporter of cotton. Gold and cotton are their major export, about 70%. Explore detailed information about the global Peanut markets. 300 kilograms per citizen being the per capita cotton production, Turkmenistan produces more cotton per capita than any other country in the world and is the important source of income. Production Turkish cotton planting area for MY 2019… The world’s leading manufacturer of cars is China, as the country’s 2019 production resulted … Increases in the use of certified seeds over the years have also helped increase yields. Though faced with lack of irrigational facilities Argentina manages to increase its production with the introduction of fertilizer in this region by US Military Ambassador of Agriculture Manuel Senor Rojas. Mainly Queensland, around Gwydir, Namoi ,Macquarie valleys and NSW to the south of McIntyre river. Top 10 Cotton Producing Countries (in 1000 metric tonnes) Rank Country 2019 1 India: 5,770 2 United States: 3,999 3 China: 3,500 4 Brazil: 2,787 5 Pakistan: 1,655 6 Turkey: 806 7 Uzbekistan: 713 8 … Better planting techniques and other policies are helping famers achieve higher yields. 30 % of the total land in China is used for agricultural purposes and 99.5% of it is used for cotton. We open our list with the land of the carnival. Cotton alone has shown enormous growth since the 1980s when it was 4%, to 2008 when it was 12 %. Each year, India produces an average of 5,770 thousand metric tonnes of cotton making it the world’s highest producer. 5th largest exporter, Uzbekistan is a black mark on this trade. This number one exporter of cotton has a dark history when it comes to cotton. Cotton alone has shown enormous growth since the 1980s when it was 4%, to 2008 when it was 12 %. Top 10 Polyester Manufacturers in the World 2019 Alpek. These conditions have caused the cotton production to decrease by 50%. Small amounts of cotton are also produced around Antalya. the U.S. cotton share will be about 45 percent by the end of the marketing year. The water is brought all the way from Amu Darya River, which is the main cause of drying up of the Aral Sea. Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 2019 EIB-208, May 08, 2019 Cotton is one of the most important commercial fibers produced and is one of the most important commodity imported and exported all over the world due to their uses in textile industry, mattress and bedding industry, oil industry, soap industry etc. The top one on this list comes second in export and produce 26% of the world’s total cotton. But states like Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Northern India made up for the loss and gave a 10-15% rise in cotton production. The reason for their place on this list is the method they use to grow. Their mainly export to China, Indonesia, Thailand, South Korea, Bangladesh, and Japan. Cotton is grown as an industrial crop in 15% of the nation’s land during kharif season which includes the monsoon months May to August. They grow crops like cereal or grass and cut it few weeks before cotton plantation season. The downtrend is largely due to tighter environmental policies imposed by the government. 17 states of USA are involved in cotton production mainly Southern and western states, dominated by Texas, California, Arizona ,Mississippi , Arkansas , and Louisiana are the major areas for production of cotton fiber employing over 200,000 people in total. All of the production is mainly on individual owner based farms, found in the areas of Queensland and New South Wales. As trade developed in this area with the rest of the world, dates were introduced to Southwest Asia, Northern Africa, and Spain. Alpek is a leading producer of PTA and PET globally, and one of the largest expandable polystyrene manufacturers in America, and … Argentina produces 214,371 metric tons of cotton per year grown along the northeastern border of the nation, mainly in the province of Chaco .sowing begins in October and continues through the end of December. So, here are the top 10 largest cotton producing countries in the world 2019. Texas cotton has a major demand in Japan and remains the largest cash crop for the USA till date. The Republic of Turkey produces the best quality of cotton in the world. Being a cash crop of utmost importance has put pressure on countries to make it their main export. The total Cotton Production of the country is about 33 million bales. Are the cotton producing regions having almost 1200 farms. Safe to say, it is their primary cash crop. But by using recent technological advancements in farming and seed quality they have increased output by 21% and promise further 15% growth in 2017-18. The Xinjiang Autonomous Region , the Yangtze River Basin (including provinces of Jiangsu and Hubei), and the Huang – Huai Region (mainly in provinces of Hebei, Henan , and Shandong ) are the main regions involved in cotton production. For example, stricter control over the use of cyanide at gold mines forced several operations to cut back production. Sudan is estimated to have one of the largest livestock that includes cattle, sheep, camels, and goats. Also, it has the largest agricultural production in the European Union – 18.1% of the total European Union production … India is another one of the world’s largest textile producing … Production Cotton is grown in subtropical and seasonally dry tropical areas in both the northern and southern hemispheres, although most of the world’s production takes place north of the equator. Its export brings in so much revenue that in some countries it is known as ‘white gold’. 30-60% of total agricultural GDP comes from here. Dates are considered a staple food throughout Middle Eastern countries with evidence of cultivation dating back as far as 7000 BC. Yield is … Use of advanced seed technology has helped in increase in production per hectare. +56% over 2016/17 Organic Cotton Fiber Countries … Cotton production is integral to the economic development of Pakistan. It is an important Kharif crop in Pakistan and after Wheat, it occupies … The United States was the leading exporter of cotton worldwide in 2019/2020. Turkmenistan (288 thousand metric ton), 3. Cotton is one of them. Cotton is cultivated in half of the country’s irrigated land and it is irrigated by diverting water from Amu Darya river.Ahal, Mary, Chärjew, and Dashhowu are the major cotton producing regions of Turkmenistan. Invention of Cotton ginning process and mechanisation has helped the producers to decrease labor and boost the production. The top-ranked uses 200,000 to 300,000 hectare of land in New South Wales using irrigation and 100%local seed technology. The fourth largest country in the world utilises 24 out of its 35 provinces for cotton plantation. Utilising, what can only be called modern slavery; they produce cotton used by South Korea in their bank notes. Dates are oval-shaped, reddish-yellow, sweet fruits that grow on the date palm tree. The industry is state-controlled on a national level. For many years China has been the top producing nation, accounting for 12 percent of global mine production. Deep black soils (regur) of the Deccan and the Malwa Plateaus and those of Gujarat are favorable for cotton production. Estimates indicate that growth will continue next year, stemming predominantly from India, Tanzania, Turkey, Kyrgyzstan and Brazil, among others. Then using specifically designed machines cotton seeds are planted beneath the soil without disturbing the mulch, which also acts as a natural fertiliser. This 3rd largest exporter of cotton produces 3% of the world’s total cotton. The main producing countries … The country produced 76.28 million tons of bauxite in 2012, meaning it was responsible for producing about 31% of the world’s bauxite.in 2014, Australia’s production was 82,500 metric tons. India. As one might expect, it was the largest producing country in the world last year.Chilean copper supply and demand faced a brief spook last year when workers at BHP’s (ASX:BHP,NYSE:BHP,LSE:BHP) Escondida mine — the world’s leading copper mine — agreed to vote on strike action. Click to skip ahead and jump to the top 10 agricultural producing countries in the world. 80 % of working Burkinabe’s (citizens of Burkina Faso) are involved in agriculture, which makes up 32 % of their Gross Domestic Product. In mid-January, the GOT also announced an import tax ranging between five to eight percent for cotton yarn imports from certain categories of countries. Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat and Rajasthan are the important cotton cultivating regions. Here is a top ten list of the largest cotton producing countries in 2019. The United States is the leading producer and exporter of raw cotton, while also being the top importer of raw textiles and garments. The credit to their gross production is due to the use of genetically modified Bt cotton. 2,216,932 metric tons of cotton is produced in Pakistan annually. Bales) 1: India: 29,500: 2: China: 27,500: 3: United States: 15,949: 4: Brazil: 12,000: 5: Pakistan: 4,500: 6: Uzbekistan: 3,500: 7: Turkey: 2,800: 8: Australia: 2,400: 9: Argentina: 1,375: 10: Benin: 1,350: 11: Greece: 1,250: 12: Mexico: 1,050: 13: Côte D'ivoire: 1,025: 14: Turkmenistan: 1,000: 15: Burkina Faso: 900: 16: Myanmar: 730: 17: Cameroon: 640: 18: Sudan: 600: 19: Tajikistan: 500: 20: Azerbaijan: 460: 21: Mali: … The majority of the cotton comes from India, the United States and China – the world’s top three cotton producers. Ranked tenth on the list of top silver-producing countries is the United States. In this list we named the top 10 highest wheat producing countries in the world 2019… Special seedling transmulching, plastic mulching, and double cropping of the cotton–wheat are the various methods implemented to boost cotton production which brings China the fame of being the top producer in the world. An estimated amount of 976,475 metric tons of cotton annually. Most of the cotton plantation is using the method of irrigation. Pakistan Cotton Production. Not only wheat, China is also the largest producer of rice, potatoes, tomato, tea, millet, barley, cotton, soya beans and oil seeds. Formerly known as Turkmenia, this Central Asian country was once an important stop on the Silk Route. China is the world leader in Cotton Production, and China is the largest populated country that makes it more farmers to cultivate that mean most of the production from small formers, it is also the largest importer and consumer of cotton. Burkina Faso (283 thousand metric ton), 9. The total annual production is about 3,598,853 metric tons in the USA. Required fields are marked *. As clearly visible, the cotton is mainly for export purposes. Yield is as high as 504 kgs to 566 kgs per hectare accounting for 27% of the world cotton production. Shugor, Dubasi, and Watish are t… The world’s bauxite behemoth is undisputedly Australia. With the annual production being an astonishing 6,841,593 metric tons China stands first in world production of cotton. Their government estimates a 20% rise in their cotton production in 2017-18. In 76 low- and middle-income countries, the number of food-insecure people is projected to increase by 83.5 million to 844.3 million in 2020 due to effects of COVID-19 on GDP. However, this is 6 percent lower than 2017 and marks the fourth consecutive year of declines. France ranks among the top 10 countries producing milk and beef, and among the top 20 countries for chicken and pork production. They export 17 % of what they produce, making it a major contributor to their economy. Milk - Production, Measured in Lb 551,000,000 Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production † Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars The listed 15 countries purchased 68.4% of all cotton imported in 2019. Since the need for clothing is increasing day by day, even the need for the enchantment in the production of cotton by these countries are expected. Turkish government has increased cotton production bonuses in order to encourage production. Studies indicate that the number of sheep grown in this country for wool has been growing at the rate of 2.8% per year. Gujarat, the highest cotton producer, saw devastating floods this year destroying the crop. Mine production: 5.8 million MTCopper production in Chile grew between 2017 and 2018, landing at a total rate of 5.8 million MT in 2018. About 495 hectares of land is used in cotton production accounting Australia’s 17% of total farm lands. Pakistan is the country where it all started. The annual world production of cotton is a staggering 25 million tons, accounting for 2.5% of the world’s arable land. Sudan is the 10thlargest producer of wool in the world. Agriculture is one of the main contributors to a country’s economy. They are first in Europe in cotton production. From towels, robes, linens, shirts, pants and every other cloth material you can think of, it is the most widely used natural fiber in the world. Beginning the list is the largest cotton producer in Africa. The early years of African slavery were primarily because plantation owners needed farm hands to pick cotton. Its annual production is 199,358 metric tons. The fallen crops make a blanket over the field protecting the land from soil erosion, shading and cooling the soil. Thus this ends the list of top ten cotton producing countries in the world 2019. With new genetic modifications and the production of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) cotton, the production has increased many-fold. Franc Zone cotton production for marketing year (MY) 2019/20 is forecast at a record 6.0 million bales, up 0.6 million bales or 11 percent from last year. United States of America (3738 thousand metric ton), Top 10 Largest Football Stadiums in The World. The oldest cotton plantation in Asia could be traced to this region where the Indus Valley Civilisation thrived. Harvest runs from mid-February through mid-July. Hence cotton has always been synonymous with slavery history in the USA. Two provinces of Punjab and Sindh are the prominent regions producing cotton in Pakistan. This map shows which countries export or import more of Raw Cotton.Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Raw Cotton during 2018.. im in english lessons, teachers force me to read this information and then do writing for 500 words, Some sites show India ranks 1st in cotton production in the world can you justify why you still show its rank 2nd, Both countries are produced cotton according to their population.So I can justify India rank is 2nd, Your email address will not be published. In fact, they have seen a steady decline in production since 2002. Your email address will not be published. In that time period, the U.S. cotton industry had an export volume of 3.38 million metric tons. The crop is grown in three main areas: the Aegean region, Çukurova, and Southeastern Anatolia. International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC) and Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of United Nations have made some progress in approaching leaders in countries like Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan in order to find better means of production. Top 10 Ugliest People That are Considered Attractive, Top 10 Most Overrated Fictional Characters of All Time, Top Famous People With The Ugliest Faces of All Time, Top 10 People Who are Famous Only for Their Looks, Top 10 Stupidest People of The 21st Century. Sources include reporting from FAS’s worldwide offices, official statistics of foreign governments, and analysis of … In 2018, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Raw Cotton … Not only is Brazil known for its sugarcane production but it also is a key player I the cotton industry. You can discover details including top producing & exporting countries, real-time market prices, local product varieties, seasonality, production … India producing 5,323,467 metric tons annually stands 2nd in world cotton production. Usage of better variety of cotton especially BT cotton has enhanced production. Brazil is also the third largest exporter in the world. Benin was the leading cotton … India producing 5,323,467 metric tons annually stands 2nd in world cotton production. In this article we take a look at the top 25 agricultural producing countries in the world. Cultivation of cotton balls is a difficult task in itself and requires a lot of effort and labor. Tensions ran especial… Top 10 Largest Cotton Producing Countries In The World, 10. Even after being number one, the yield per area used for cultivation is very low. 10. They are responsible for exporting cotton to Russia, Britain, Turkey, Iran, China, Singapore, Ukraine and South Korea. 15% of nations land is used for the production of cotton (called Kharif) during the months from May to August. The textile sector contributes 8.5% of GDP of Pakistan. Over one million public servants, employees of private businesses and children are involved in the harvesting of cotton. Orissa produces the lowest amount of cotton in comparison to the other states mentioned above. Searchable List of … China. Many fashion companies have boycotted cotton from these nations until they stop child labor. The top producing state being Mato Grosso. Their government estimates a 20% rise in their cotton production in 2017-18. That is a lot of lands to be used which is one of the reasons they remained number one until 1982 when they were taken over by the next on the list. Denying working in the fields may be met with severe punishment. Table 1 indicates that for all five of the largest producing countries (China, India, United States, Brazil and Pakistan), which produced over 1 million tons of cotton each in 2010/11, and which jointly account for 79% of global estimated production in 2010/11, statistics on cotton production … Among … Also, it will come as a shock to you that the Turk government uses forced labor during harvesting season to make quota. This increase in production is due to improved seed type, pest control and increased use of fertiliser. The soil need not be the nutrient. Beginning the list is the largest cotton producer in Africa. Cotton farming in Australia provides scope for rural development and improves the viability of 152 rural communities. They lost a lot o… This pressure, in turn, has caused oppressive regimes to take damaging steps like forced labor, child labor and what could only be described as modern slavery. Australia currently has five active mines; the Boddington mine, which is operated by BHP Billiton, Rio Tinto Alcan’s Weipa mine in Queensland, the Gove mine operated by Pacific Alumini… Monthly report on crop acreage, yield and production in major countries worldwide. There is a plan in order to increase sowing area by 21% next year. Production of cotton has increased lately due to various economic and technological interventions – such as targeted government support, the emergence of new cotton producing regions, and precision farming technologies. Next on the list is Turkey producing about 853,831 tonnes of cotton annually. Gold and cotton are their major export, about 70%. Unfortunately, due to the raging wars in its neighbouring countries like Iran, Syria, and Ukraine, the export of cotton has reduced. 10.4. The cotton producing belt lies around periphery of Aydar Lake (near Bukhara) and also to some extent in Tashkent along the Syr Darya. They are the fourth largest exporter too. Harvested area is forecast a record 3.3 million hectares, up 0.3 million hectares or 10 percent from last year. National income of Uzbekistan greatly depends on cotton production because of which Cotton’s nickname in Uzbekistan is “white gold”. Turkmenistan stands 10th in producing cotton in the world. By value, the listed 15 countries shipped 84.2% of globally exported cotton in 2019. Annual production of cotton in Uzbekistan is 1, 053, 74 metric tons. The United States … 80 % of working Burkinabe’s (citizens of Burkina Faso) are involved in agriculture, which makes up 32 % of their Gross Domestic Product. Global organic cotton production grew by an impressive 56 percent in 2017/18, well exceeding the previous year’s growth rate of 10 percent. They export to China, Bangladesh, and Russia. Companies like Gap and H&M have boycotted Uzbek cotton until unless they stop using slaves (1.2 million) which include numerous children. 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