The Bald Soprano, for example, was inspired by a language book in which characters would exchange empty clichés that never ultimately amounted to true communication or true connection. The ridiculous, purposeless behaviour and talk give the plays a sometimes dazzling comic surface, but there is an underlying serious message of metaphysical distress. The very endurance of life amid the grotesque circumstances that obtain in Beckett’s plays…. The structure of the plays is typically a round shape, with the finishing point the same as the starting point. Man returns to hi…  Jean Tardieu, for example, in the series of short pieces Theatre de Chambre arranged the language as one arranges music. Learn. The term is also loosely applied to those dramatists and the production of those works. For example, in Ionesco's Amédée, or How to Get Rid of It, a couple must deal with a corpse that is steadily growing larger and larger; Ionesco never fully reveals the identity of the corpse, how this person died, or why it's continually growing, but the corpse ultimately – and, again, without explanation – floats away. The Theatre of the Absurd . Ionesco, Adamov, and Arrabal for example, were friends with Surrealists still living in Paris at the time including Paul Eluard and André Breton, the founder of Surrealism, and Beckett translated many Surrealist poems by Breton and others from French into English.  In later Pinter plays, such as The Caretaker and The Homecoming, the menace is no longer entering from the outside but exists within the confined space.  In India, both Mohit Chattopadhyay and Mahesh Elkunchwar have also been labeled Absurdists. Felicia Hardison Londré, Margot Berthold.  Plots can consist of the absurd repetition of cliché and routine, as in Godot or The Bald Soprano. In his book Absurd Drama (1965), Esslin wrote: The Theatre of the Absurd attacks the comfortable certainties of religious or political orthodoxy. Plays that come under the Theatre of The Absurd are commonly characterized by the grotesque, the characters featured have their dignity taken away and are rendered clowns. ! Rather than try to conform as closely as possible to a concept of real life, absurdists sought to provide an unmistakably unreal experience. He resists because he is there".  Harold Pinter—famous for his "Pinter pause"—presents more subtly elliptical dialogue; often the primary things characters should address are replaced by ellipsis or dashes. theater of the absurd. In many of Beckett's later plays, most features are stripped away and what's left is a minimalistic tableau: a woman walking slowly back and forth in Footfalls, for example, or in Breath only a junk heap on stage and the sounds of breathing. Allan Lewis. Haney, W.S., II. Logical construction a…  The two characters may be roughly equal or have a begrudging interdependence (like Vladimir and Estragon in Waiting for Godot or the two main characters in Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead); one character may be clearly dominant and may torture the passive character (like Pozzo and Lucky in Waiting for Godot or Hamm and Clov in Endgame); the relationship of the characters may shift dramatically throughout the play (as in Ionesco's The Lesson or in many of Albee's plays, The Zoo Story for example). Absurd elements first appeared in the theatre of ancient Greece, in the wild humour and buffoonery of Old Comedy and the plays of Aristophanes in particular. Ionesco replied, "I have the feeling that these writers – who are serious and important – were talking about absurdity and death, but that they never really lived these themes, that they did not feel them within themselves in an almost irrational, visceral way, that all this was not deeply inscribed in their language. The following exchange between Aston and Davies in The Caretaker is typical of Pinter: Much of the dialogue in Absurdist drama (especially in Beckett's and Albee's plays, for example) reflects this kind of evasiveness and inability to make a connection. There is little dramatic action as conventionally understood; however frantically the characters perform, their busyness serves to underscore the fact that nothing happens to change their existence.  Similarly, Esslin cites early film comedians and music hall artists such as Charlie Chaplin, the Keystone Cops and Buster Keaton as direct influences. Annette J. 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