In this guide, I’ll go over how to start the three Tagetes species from seed. Another member of the Asteraceae family, Calendula officinalis is known as the pot or English marigold. Sow seeds directly into the flower bed and just cover and keep them warm and moist. Starting your seeds in pots or pellets can give you a head start on growing without taking up room in the garden. If your final frost date is late, you’ll really benefit from planting marigold … Marigolds need an area with full sun, but in areas where summers get very hot, they prefer some afternoon shade. You’ll find ‘Strawberry Blonde’ in packs of 50 seeds for purchase exclusively at Burpee. If your marigold takes 100 days or more to bloom, and your growing season has 190 days total, that means you’ll potentially get to enjoy the flowers for about three months. Cucumbers can … What Is the Length of Time From Planting to Full Flowers for Zinnias? Water only at the ground level, and avoid spraying the flowers directly with water to keep your blooms looking fresh instead of soggy and wilted. Luckily, marigolds are easy to get along with, so you can plant marigolds alongside any veggie in the garden! However, flowers will develop more striking colors if they are planted in full sun. Good complementary plants for flower beds include Salvia, Zinnia, Nasturtium, Gaillardia and Bassia. While there are many different types of marigold flowers, all can be started in much the same way. Here are a few tips for you to get started: About a week before you wish to transplant your seedlings, start hardening them off outdoors to acclimate them to their new growing conditions. Aren’t marigolds such great plants? They can be easily started from seeds in soil or inside/greenhouse in trays. Marigold types for planting include African or American marigolds, which grow up to 3 feet tall and produce flowers up to 5 inches across; French marigolds, which have smaller, often bi-colored flowers and can reach 1 1/2 feet in height; and signet marigolds… Place groups of 3 or 4 seeds on the prepared soil, spaced 6-12 inches apart, depending on the mature spread of your chosen variety. As the carrots come up, you can pull up the plants which are too close together. Pour some seeds into the palm of your dry hand so that you don’t accidentally end up dumping the entire contents of your packet onto the soil all in one spot. ‘Queen Sophia’ is an All-America Selections Winner whose fiery petals are warm and entrancing. If you are able to successfully grow warm-season crops like tomatoes, squash, eggplant, and peppers without concerns about them being killed by early frosts, you probably have a long growing season in your area. Marigolds usually bloom 45 to 50 days after sowing and continue to bloom until frost. Some common pests and disease to watch for include spittle bugs, spider mites and aster yellows and wilts. Marigolds like to grow in well-drained soil in full sun. I like to do this several hours before I sow my seeds, so the soil is moist but not soggy at planting time. In general, you can plant smaller cultivars 6-8 inches apart, and larger ones 10-12 inches apart. If you are growing a slower maturing variety, such as most. Hi Steve, Growing calendula is easy, as this plant … include both hardy annuals and perennials that require little care. When considering where to plant your marigolds, be aware that these plants need to grow in soil that drains well. Planting marigold seeds is a good gardening project for both new gardeners and more advanced gardeners. Why Do I See Hair-Like Roots on My Christmas Cactus? Deciding whether to sow your marigolds directly in the garden or start them indoors will require you to take a few factors into consideration: the length of your growing season, the type of cultivar you’re planting, and how impatient you are for these annuals to fill your garden with flowers. How to Grow China Aster for Color in the Late Summer Garden, How to Grow Pansies and Violas for Multi-Season Color, How to Grow Anise Hyssop: A Flowering Perennial Perfect for Borders, 7 of the Best Varieties of Popcorn to Grow Your Own, Avoid the Most Common Greenhouse Mistakes with These Tips, The Many Uses and Benefits of Yarrow: A Healing Herb, Propagating a New Species: A Man, a Tree, and a Legacy, How to Care for Calendula (Pot Marigold) in Winter. Planting later crops in June also applies to flowers! Long, warm days with high light levels speed up the germination … Not exactly! See our TOS for more details. Do you think sowing seeds directly in the garden might not be the best option for you? Kristina loves the challenges of dryland gardening and teaching others to use climate compatible gardening techniques, and she strives towards creating gardens where there are as many birds and bees as there are edibles. The flowers are drought-tolerant but may need water in hot weather if they are not blooming. Select the pods that are the most mature on the plant. They are quick and easy to grow from seed, germinating in just a few days. The time to transplant varies from plant to plant…also with how much room you have in the … The three main species of marigolds found in US gardens are the Mexican (sometimes called African) marigold, Tagetes erecta, the French T. patula, and the signet marigold, T. tenuifolia. Plants grow 10-12 inches tall with a spread of about 8 inches. Plant your transplants in a full sun location with well-draining soil, and water them in. The ‘Durango’ mix comes in a beautiful mélange of solid yellow, orange, and burgundy hues as well as some enticing bicolor patterns, with double blooms reaching 2 to 2 1/2 inches across. GARDENER'S PATH® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. This also helps to protect me from the sun too! There are fewer steps involved, fewer materials required, and you avoid the risk of transplant shock. She specializes in topics concerning health, crafts, family and lifestyles. If you can’t find this information on your seed packet, French marigolds (Tagetes patula) will generally bloom in 50-60 days, while Mexican marigolds (T. erecta) need 70-100 days. Compare your number of frost-free days with the number of days the plant needs to reach maturity. Here’s a more precise way to find out if you have time to sow these annuals outdoors: Compare the number of frost-free days in your area with the number of days the plant needs to reach maturity. Plant marigold seeds in a seedling tray filled with a sterile potting mix. How to plant marigold seeds: The first step for growing marigolds from seed is to sow the seeds. If your area is prone to late killing frosts in the spring or early summer. I like to do my transplanting on a cloudy day or in the evening, so the transplants don’t have so much heat stress to deal with while they acclimate themselves. Pot marigold (Calendula officinalis) is an easy-to-grow annual. French and signet types can be planted anytime through midsummer but the tall American marigolds … Gradually taper off watering so that established plants receive about 1 inch a week. You can pinch off spent flowers to encourage and prolong blooms. ‘Strawberry Blonde’ will reach maturity in 55-70 days. Care: Marigolds don't require deadheading, but if spent blooms are clipped, the plants … And once summer is at full tilt, I love seeing their happy yellow, orange, and red flowers brightening up my garden. At the end of the season, you can repeat the seed-storage process with your new marigold plants. Just sprinkle the seeds and cover with a thin layer of soil and water well. It’s also time to sow biennials such as foxglove, sweet William and forget-me-nots for planting out in autumn. Water daily with a spray bottle to prevent water logging and alleviate the risk of, If using the light from a south-facing window instead of. If you’re dealing with heavy clay, mix in some compost to help with drainage. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Let us know in the comments below. Signet marigolds … For seeds, depending on variety, it will take an extra 6-8 weeks from germination to planting. in professional writing. You can plant marigold seeds in shallow seed trays to begin with, and move the plants to pots or planters once they've begun to grow. Sow the seeds directly in the soil in Spring. … Seems like a good deal to me! You’ll find the ‘Durango’ mix, and an assortment of other ‘Durango’ colors, in packs of 1000 seeds at True Leaf Market. A packet of Calendula seeds (varieties that can be … Weeds can become a problem during July… They are also well-suited for growing in containers for patios, porches and balconies. I have a list of vegetables, listed by zones, that can be planted this month. However, if your growing season only has an average of 104 days (my growing season is closer to this number), you might not get to enjoy the blooms at all if you sow seeds outdoors. Download our planting poster Our handy calendar showing you when to plant veges and flowers in your region, … On the other hand, if you have had issues with these crops getting hit with early frosts in the past, you are probably like me and many other northern and high elevation gardeners who must deal with the challenges of a short growing season. She works as both a writer and author and enjoys writing articles on many different topics. Ah, the pungent smell of marigolds – their distinctive fragrance tells me that summer has most definitely arrived. There’s lots of variation in climate conditions in this part of the country – I’m in NE Utah and a full zone lower than the next town over. Now find the days to maturity for your selected variety or cultivar. This opens up your options to enjoy exciting new cultivars, and saves quite a bit of money in your gardening budget, to boot. That way, once your marigolds germinate, the risk of late frosts will likely already have passed. When seedlings are about 2 inches tall, thin out all but the strongest plant from each cell. Based in Indiana, Molly Allman holds a B.A. Here are the flowers to sow and grow this July: In the greenhouse / indoors • July is the ideal time to sow spring-flowering perennial seeds in trays filled with good quality compost. That’s why these plants smell like summer – and not spring. Thanks for the tips. If you decide to sow directly into your garden soil, plan on doing this about a week or two after your last average frost date. The seeds usually germinate within a week. Marigolds are very frost sensitive, so they should not be sown outdoors until all chance of frost has passed. If you are willing to be patient for flowers to appear. Keep the pott… Use small garden shears to gently clip the heads off the plants. Kristina considers it a point of pride that she spends more money on seeds each year than she does on clothes. Indoor seeding gives the marigolds a head start on the gardening season so they are ready to bloom as soon as they are transplanted in the garden. Separate seedlings once they are 2 inches tall. Sowing seeds outdoors is more straightforward than starting them indoors. Once plants are established, give them a good soak about once a week. If you’re a fan of marigolds too, you probably purchase a flat or two every year to add to your own vegetable garden, or arrange in your flower beds or planters. This information is usually located on the seed packet. Plants reach 10-12 inches in height and have a 9-inch spread. Too much shade can delay flowering, however, so provide light shade only when needed. Marigolds make good bedding and edging plants. Transplants need good soil amended with organic matter. They do like quite a bit of water but summers here are hot and dry. We occasionally link to goods offered by vendors to help the reader find relevant products. When you’re ready to sow, first choose a full sun location in your garden. How do you know if you have a long growing season? Just enter your zip code, and it will tell you the average number for your area. We might think of spring and autumn as the best times to sow seed, but there are plants that you can start off in midsummer. Scrape back a little bit of soil to use for covering the seeds. This is especially done in the fall, as the Marigolds are done blooming. Here are some reasons why you might want to start your marigolds indoors instead: If you decide to start your seeds indoors, plan to sow them 6-8 weeks before your average last frost date. These seeds are light and airy, and that can be easy to do! This information is usually located on the seed packet. Signet marigolds (T. tenuifolia) often flower in just 60 days, depending on the variety. Need a little more guidance on how to care for these annuals? Allowing your marigolds 6-8 weeks of growth before setting them out will give them a jump start, and you’ll enjoy the blooms earlier than if you were to sow them directly in the garden. Be sure to check out the other What to Plant … When to grow. Plant the seeds in your garden in the spring after your last frost date. I never have to re-seed in the Spring. You can transplant seedlings after the danger of frost has passed. ‘Queen Sophia’ will reach maturity in 60 days. Many … Some taller varieties, such as African marigolds, often require staking, especially during storms. Zones 1 – 10 can still plant in the month of July. What you need. Marigolds prefer soil with a pH of 6.0 to 7.0 enriched with organic matter, but the plant can tolerate dry soils. You can start seeds indoors and transplant them outdoors after danger of frost if you want earlier-blooming flowers. While mature marigolds may be able to tolerate just a tiny amount of frost, young seedlings are generally more sensitive and it’s better not to risk exposure to the cold. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. And which wonderful varieties are you growing? Planting marigold seeds at the right time is important. The petals of this French type are dark orange with yellow edges, and its double blooms measure 2 to 3 inches across. Harvest tomatoes and cucumbers regularly to aid development of further fruits. Sow from March to May and they will flower from summer to autumn. JULY. Pinch out the tips of tomato plants when there are five or six trusses of fruit on the stems. If you’ve never started your own annuals from seed, you might want to review our complete guide to starting annuals from seed indoors. Some of these links may be affiliate in nature, meaning we earn small commissions if items are purchased. You’ll need to leave more room between each plant if you are growing larger varieties. With a little extra effort you can propagate and grow this annual from seed. Flowers in the ‘Durango’ mix come to maturity in 50-60 days. Plant marigold seeds outdoors or indoors in early spring for summer flowers, or early summer for fall flowers. First, place them outside in a shaded location where they are protected from wind. But once you cross the line from fan to fanatic like I have, you may want to start growing these annuals from seed. If you are collecting from a variety of marigold plants… I honestly haven’t met a marigold I didn’t like, but there are some cultivars I’m particularly excited about, and I’d like to share these with you. In Colorado French Marigolds (Tagetes) pretty much grow like weeds. Alternatively, sow your seeds in raised beds. Planting vegetable seeds or transplants at the correct time is important for getting the most out of your garden. Make sure to water every day until seedlings emerge. Start the seeds indoors about six weeks before the last spring frost date in your areas. Plants reach 8-10 inches tall and have a 6 to 8-inch spread at maturity. So if you have a short growing season, start the slower maturing varieties indoors, and for direct sowing, consider a faster maturing variety. You can still plant flowers, too! ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. And to learn more about growing flowers in your garden, why not check out the following guides next: Photos by Kristina Hicks-Hamblin © Ask the Experts, LLC. Marigolds (Tagetes spp.) For best results, seeds stored over winter should be used during the next growing season. Choose a sunny day to harvest your crop of marigold seeds. Here is more about what we do. Marigolds are tender annuals, which means they are not at all cold hardy and will be damaged or killed by frost. Or perhaps both? Knowing your first and last frost dates will help you start your vegetable seeds at the right time. Growing Calendula from Seed. Pat and smooth the soil gently, and water lightly with a watering can, or using the gentle shower setting on your watering wand. Use sterilized potting soil or soilless starting mix. Use the Seeds . Soil quality doesn’t seem to matter, about 6 hours of sun per day seems to be minimum. So, what have you decided, gardener? … All of these recommendations are the faster-maturing French type marigolds, T. patula. Can Pansies & Marigolds Be Planted Together? I start seeds in a seed growing tray or small pot at the end of spring. These flowers range in size from 6 inches to 6 feet tall with flower color ranging from pale yellow to orange, gold and a brownish-maroon. Seed now! Plant them in loose soil or in a pot or container. You’ll find ‘Queen Sophia’ seeds in a selection of package sizes at Eden Brothers. Or you can plant the seeds directly in the pot you'd like to display the plant … Thanks for sharing your additional tips! Manage Weeds. When you just can’t decide which type of marigold to grow, why not go for a mix? Plant or transplant young marigold plants outdoors after all danger of frost has passed and the soil has warmed and dried out a bit. Make sure you check out our complete guide to growing marigolds. Marigolds are easily propagated from seed that germinate within a few days in warm soil. Knowing your first and last frost dates will help you start your vegetable seeds at the right time. Press seeds lightly into the soil, then cover lightly with the soil you pushed to the side, so that they are buried 1/2 inch deep. You are safe planting quick-growing annuals like marigolds, lettuce, zinnias, radish and a few other popular vegetables and flower plants through mid-June. – all of the annuals that usually burn out by late summer. Marigold seeds are large and easy to handle. They will be ready to transplant into your garden at the beginning of your local warm season, and the earlier maturing varieties will bloom soon after transplanting them. Plant in July in your vegetable garden – yes you can! Before sowing, wet the soil lightly with a gentle spray from the hose. Marigolds bloom 45 to 60 days after planted, so expect blooms as a late-summer or early fall addition … Sow each seed approximately 1.25 cm deep in the mix, spacing the seeds 5 cm apart in all directions. Sowings can be made of aquilegia, campanula, coreopsis, delphinium, myosotis, penstemon and pansy seeds. Don’t worry about proper spacing at this point. Wondering which flowers to sow in July? Her fiction writing appears in "Bewildering Stories," "The Other Herald" and "Spectacular Speculations. Try aquilegia, bellis, … 4. Marigolds require little care. Sow seeds 0.5 cm (¼”) deep, leaving spaces of 15-45 cm (6-18″) between plants. West Virginia University Extension Service: Marigolds, Cornell University Growing Guide: French Marigold. She is a Certified Permaculture Designer and a Building Biology Environmental Consultant, and holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in liberal studies from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. Level out the soil and pat it gently to firm it up. You’ll enjoy gorgeous blooms early in the season, whether you sow indoors in flats or outdoors in the garden. Water daily for the first week. Do not sow the marigold … It makes a good companion plant and a lovely cut flower, with other ‘hot’ coloured plant such as rudbeckias or contrasting with … Planting vegetable seeds or transplants at the correct time is important to getting the most out of your garden. This way, you'll have a marvelous second flush of bloom and can … You actually can plant many different edibles and ornamentals in July to squeeze out a second harvest or brighten up faded flower beds, containers and planter boxes. ", Requirements for Planting a French Marigold. Will you be sowing outdoors or starting indoors? The New Sunset Western Garden Book; Kathleen Norris Brenzel, Editor, The Gardener's A-Z Guide to Growing Flowers from Seed to Bloom; Eileen Powell. As I "dead head" my plants, I incorporate the seeds into the dirt. If you’d rather forego an indoor seed starting project, there are some cases where you can get away with sowing marigolds directly into your garden: Let’s talk more about that last point. Of 15-45 cm ( 6-18″ ) between plants my garden long growing can i plant marigold seeds in july sprinkle. For a mix some medicinal uses height and have a 6 to 8-inch spread at maturity apart! What is the Length of time from planting to full flowers for zinnias be damaged or by... The ‘ Durango ’ mix come to maturity for your selected variety or cultivar until emerge... And easy to do is edible and has some medicinal uses height and have a list of,... Prone to late killing frosts in the month of July the hose if they are from. Need a little bit of water but summers here are hot and dry think sowing seeds directly the. To late killing frosts in the spring after your last frost date your. 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My Christmas Cactus orange, and its double blooms measure 2 to 3 inches across plant flowers, too at.
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