when was château de fontainebleau built

From the 1870’s on, the end of the empire saw the Chateau shuttered and closed to the outside world. Right of the main staircase. This is one of the few Chateaus that has been almost continuously inhabited since its creation. Entouré d'un vaste parc, le château, inspiré de modèles italiens, fut un lieu de … During the times between 1544 and 1556, Catherine de Medici gave birth to six of their ten children at Fontainebleau despite the fact that her husband’s mistress also lived at the Chateau. Your email address will not be published. BUY BUY OUR WINES DISCOVER OUR WINES Activities. “The true home of kings, the house of ages,” Napoléon once said about this vast castle built in the Classical and Renaissance styles.But Fontainebleau is not only famous for its part in Napoléon’s imperial adventures. Interviews This large, 1500 room Chateau was built miles from Paris with the first structure on the land appearing in the early 12th century. The … When … The 18th Century, similar to the previous times, saw each inhabitant continue the improvement process, each attempting to outdo the previous tenant in lavishness and elegance. It was at Chateau de Fontainebleau that Napoleon announced his divorce from Josephine. Fontainebleau (/ ˈ f ɒ n t ɪ n ˌ b l oʊ /; French pronunciation: [fɔ̃tɛnblo]) is a commune in the metropolitan area of Paris, France. Château de Fontainebleau Place du général de Gaulle - 77300 Fontainebleau 77 - Seine-et-Marne The Aile des Ministres (16th century), Jeu de Paume (17th and 18th centuries), Aile de l'Escalier en Fer de Cheval (16th to 19th century), Chapelle de la Trinité and Aile Louis XV (both 18th century) frame this courtyard.. A metal grid delineates the 4th side from the outside. Visitors during this timeframe included Czar Peter the Great, the king of Denmark, Moliere and Voltaire. Far less familiar though is the Château de Fontainebleau, arguably the centre of the history of French monarchy. The town is situated in the Forest of Fontainebleau, 2 miles from the left bank of the Seine.The famous château southeast of the town is one of the largest residences built by the kings … All rooms open to the public at Chateau Fontainebleau are fully furnished. Château de Fontainebleau ; when one hears the name, a sense of royalty and aristocratic history come to mind. The 17th Century saw much activity at the Chateau, the new Cour des Offices, the grand entrance to the town, and many buildings were added to the estate, along with extensive gardens. A complete detailed listing of occurrences would be a book in itself, of which I’m sure one is written somewhere. During the Restoration, with the surge of visitors to the Chateau, extensive renovation was undertaken to again revive the grandeur of this magnificent structure. In the sixteenth century King Francois I orchestrated its restoration and it was transformed into the castle we know today. Fontainebleau is the only château that was lived in by every French monarch for almost 8 … He preferred Fontainebleau over Versailles as the Palace of Versailles had a strong connection to the Ancien Regime; for Napoleon, living in the Sun King’s former residence would not be a consideration. Only a single medieval tower survived the energetic Renaissance-style reconstruction undertaken by François I (r 1515–47), whose superb artisans, many of them brought from Italy, blended Italian and French styles to create what is known as the First School of Fontainebleau. Legendary designer Pierre Cardin, genius of fashion and business, who delighted us, dies at 98! “The true home of kings, the house of ages” (Napoleon in Saint Helena, August 1816) With over 1500 rooms at the heart of 130 acres of parkland and gardens, Fontainebleau is the only royal and imperial château to have been continuously inhabited for seven centuries. The Capétiens , Valois , Bourbons , Bonapartes and Orléans , all members of French ruling dynasties, have lived within these walls from the middle ages to the second empire. There are seven eras that make up the history of Fontainebleau, starting with the Mediaeval Era. François Ier (1494 - 1547) décide de faire édifier un château de style Renaissance. Each time period is evident in the architecture and decoration. The central tower dates back to 1169 when the exiled Archbishop of Canterbury consecrated the Chateau chapel. Of the many births that took place during this century, one of the key events was the birth of Louis XIII on September 27, 1601. It was under Louis XIV that Andre Le Notre replanted the extensive gardens and in 1724 a new theatre was constructed in the Belle-Cheminee Wing. The oldest royal chapel at the Château de Fontainebleau is the Oval Courtyard, which is also known as Saint Saturnin.. 48 The Napoleon I … In the 16th century King Francois I orchestrated its restoration and it was transformed into the … A DAY AT CHÂTEAU DE FONTAINEBLEAU By Guillaume Picon Photography by Eric Sander. It took its name from one of the springs, the fountain de Bliaud, located now in the English garden, next to the wing of Louis XV. She was employed as the children’s tutor in order to keep her in close proximity to the king. This gorgeous, unique castle is the historical hub of Fontainebleau and it’s not difficult to see why. It is the only château in all of France to have been continuously inhabited by royalty for over seven hundred years, and each family has added elements of their own architectural flair while living there. Fontainebleau was established a few hundred years prior to the construction of Versailles and, similar to Versailles, both royalty and politics were housed at this grand estate. In the sixteenth century King Francois I orchestrated its restoration and it was transformed into the castle we know today. As a valued reader, we would like to offer you a range of news, features, insights and interviews via our bi-weekly newsletter. He and his sisters were baptized in the Chateau’s Cour Ovale on September 14, 1606. The initials HD, for Henri II, and his mistress, Diane De Poitiers. Similar to many historical residences, almost every inhabitant of Fontainebleau made some type of improvement or modernization to the Chateau, to arrive at the structure that stands today. It is almost too much but it all seems to flow together to form a cohesive historical story. Château de Fontainebleau was first built in the twelfth century as a hunting lodge for the French kings, but fell into disrepair by the fifteenth century. History states that the gallery constructed under Francis I was a novel architectural creation; with stucco framed frescoes and art masterpieces adorning the walls, it is perhaps the initial introduction to the Renaissance of France. In 1259 it became a monastery hospital overlooked by the Trinitarian, or Mathurian monks. The Palace of Fontainebleau or Château de Fontainebleau, located 55 kilometres (34 miles) southeast of the center of Paris, in the commune of Fontainebleau, is one of the largest French royal châteaux. A UNESCO World Heritage site and one of France’s largest châteaux, the magnificent Château de Fontainebleau boasts a rich resume of royal inhabitants, including Henry IV, Louis XV, and Napoleon. Nowadays it is surrounded by 130 acres of park and gardens, composed of more than 1500 rooms, and exceptional embellished with decorations and … Travel, Correspondents and photographers A visit to the Chateau de Fontainebleau is a wonderful experience. It was actually an American, J.D. Being in the Seine-et-Marne department just outside of Paris, The Royal Chateau of Fontainebleau is one of the largest French royal chateaux. During the Renaissance, many alterations took place such as the construction of new buildings and detailed decoration of the interior. She discovered her love of the French language and culture in high school and continued her education of all things French in college where she earned a Bachelor’s degree in International Business from the University of Nevada Las Vegas. © Copyright 2021 European Waterways Ltd | Cartography © Copyright 2014 Euromapping (France) | All Rights Reserved, Our website uses cookies to ensure that you get the best possible experience. No site in France can compare as a royal residence. This sprawling palace is a veritable showcase of French architecture from the 12th to the 19th … Cour d'Honneur - main entrance to the chateau. This residence has been a base for the French royal family – particularly its kings – since its humble beginnings as a hunting lodge, and is known to have been a favourite dwelling of King Henri II, King Henri IV and Napoleon Bonaparte. Similar to his uncle, Napoleon III preferred Chateau de Fontainebleau and quite often resided at the Chateau until 1869. To visit Fontainebleau in France, is to venture back in time and into one of the most famous, historic and luxurious French residences in the country. It is located 55.5 kilometres (34.5 mi) south-southeast of the centre of Paris.Fontainebleau is a sub-prefecture of the Seine-et-Marne department, and it is the seat of the arrondissement of Fontainebleau… The Treaty of Fontainebleau, which ended Napoleon’s rule as Emperor of France and stated his exile to Elba, was ratified by Napoleon on April 13th, 1814. Thanks! Discussion: Chateau de Fontainebleau Commentary "The chateau was built from 1528 onwards around the keep of a small medieval chateau, the work being carried out in several stages that lasted until the 18th century; hence the irregularity in plan and lack of unity in style. Too much but it doesn ’ t say who built Fontainebleau, town, Seine-et-Marne,. By Maureen Youngblood the last visit by the Trinitarian, or Mathurian monks French pastries Francis spent! As NATO headquarters from 1945 until 1965 the work of our website with your friends and are! 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