basella rubra vs basella alba

is an extremely heat tolerant (Grubben and Denton, 2004), fast growing perennial vine which belongs to family Basellaceae (Rathee et al., 2010). In Bengali cuisine it is widely used both in a vegetable dish, cooked with red pumpkin, and in non-vegetarian dishes, cooked with the bones of the Ilish fish and may also be cooked with shrimps. Mature Basella alba L. fruit, with dark blue skin and deep red-violet flesh, is a potential source of natural colorants. The vegetable is used in Chinese cuisine. KB; Other Data. Linnaeus published B. rubra and B. alba as two distinct species in Species Plantarum, separating them by leaf characters and the stem colour. It has been shown to contain certain phenolic phytochemicals, and it has antioxidant properties. [1], Basella alba is known under various common names, including Malabar spinach, vine spinach, and Ceylon spinach. Raf. Basella Alba is a herb used commonly alongside Hibiscus macranthus for the purpose of fertility. rubra L., Basella alba L. var. In Mangalorean Tuluva cuisine, a coconut based gravy called gassi is paired with the Basella plant, making a delicacy called Basale gassi to be eaten with rice dumplings called pundi soaked overnight in the gravy, or with red rice. Basella alba Plant List: Pharmacognosy and biochemical studies of Basella alba L. Herbs from Distant Lands: Basella alba, Basella rubra - Malabar Spinach Prominence, consumption and popularization of this plant which is rich in antioxidants and organics, is important not only because of its nutritious value but also because it can be a. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. It is also known as daento or valchi bhaji in Konkani. Basella rubra L. Basella volubilis Salisb. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Uses and Health Benefits of Alugbati / Malabar Spinach", University of Florida Agricultural Extension, Evaluation of tropical leaf vegetables in the Virgin Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Basella_alba&oldid=987553129, Articles needing additional references from November 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 November 2020, at 20:05. Raf. Malabar spinach, Basella alba Many people like to eat spinach throughout the year, but true spinach (Spinacea oleracea) doesn’t grow well in hot weather. A common Mangalorean dish is "Valchi bhaji and shrimp - curry". Thank you. Basella alba is an evergreen Perennial Climber growing to 9 m (29ft 6in) at a fast rate. FRENCH : Baselle rouge, Epinard de Malabar à tiges rouges. Basella alba grows well under full sunlight in hot, humid climates and in areas lower than 500 metres (1,600 ft) above sea level. Plant database entry for Malabar Spinach (Basella alba 'Rubra') with 30 images, one comment, and 23 data details. Basella alba L. Dataset GBIF Backbone Taxonomy Rank ... Basella rubra var. Introduced in Europe, China, tropical Africa, USA (southeast), Caribbean, Brazil Malabarský špenát - Bazel - málo známá zelenina - predaj semien. ex L. Homonyms Basella alba L. Common names Acelga trepadora in language. Only ripe fruits can be used as dye, but from experience I know that stains from fruits juice are washing off, and I don't know if there is any way to make that colour stay on fabric. It has many names including flowing water vegetable. – green (Basella alba) and red (Basella alba cv. Basella rubra L. is a synonym of Basella alba L. The Plant List: Basella alba L. is an accepted name The Plant List: Other vernacular names: ARABIC: Malabar. Basella rubra L. Common Name(s): Ceylon spinach [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record ... Basella alba : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Basella alba But its scientificaly proven medicinal values are mostly unknown and used mainly in traditional medicine. '' Basella alba L. 'Rubra' . It is found in tropical Asia and Africa where it is widely used as a leaf vegetable. General information about Basella alba (BADAL) India, Sri Lanka, Indochina, Malesia. Basella nigra Lour. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Stems are purplish or green. Malabar spinach (Basella alba or Basella rubra) is not a true spinach, but rather a climbing vine in a class by itself. It is native to the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia and New Guinea. In case of medicinal use, always consult it with your doctor . The plant is native to tropical Asia. SYNONYM(S) : Basella rubra L., Basella alba L. var. Its thick, semi-succulent, heart-shaped leaves have a mild flavour and mucilaginous texture. The literal meaning of its Latin name (Basella alba) is Small White Pedestal. Basella alba which features dark green leaves and green stem while Basella rubra feature purplish stems and deep-green leaves with pink veins. 75 Exciting Vegetables for Your Garden '' - Jack Staub, Gibbs Smith 2009, http://www.academicjournals.org/article/article1379753858_Kumar%20et%20al.pdf, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874110002680, http://www.sphinxsai.com/2012/july_sept12/Pharm/pdfpharm/PT=02(900-913)JS%2012.pdf, http://www.globinmed.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=79070:basella-alba-l, http://www.stuartxchange.com/Alugbati.html, http://cagayandeoro.da.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/ALUGBATI.pdf, http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-642-73617-9_3#page-1, http://www.gardening.cornell.edu/homegardening/scene9529.html, http://www.survivalfoodplants.com/malabar-indian-spinach-basella-alba/, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21339992, http://examine.com/supplements/Basella+alba/, Basella alba, Basella rubra - Malabar Spinach. Basella or vine spinach is a popular tropical leafy-green vegetable, commonly grown as backyard herb in the home gardens.. Vine-spinach belongs to the Basellaceae family and has two chief cultivars, Basella alba, which features green- stems and deep-green leaves, and Basella rubra with purplish stems and dark green leaves with pink veins. SYNONYM(S) : Basella rubra L., Basella alba L. var. Hi, I love your photos of this interesting plant. Has 10 Synonyms. It is in flower from May to September, and the seeds ripen from July to October. In the Philippines, the leaves of this vegetable are one of the main ingredients in an all vegetable dish called utan that is served over rice. Malabar spinach can be found at many Asian supermarkets, as well as farmers' markets. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 23 - 27°c, but can tolerate 10 - 35°c Basella alba is a fast-growing, soft-stemmed vine, reaching 10 metres (33 ft) in length. Basella / Vine Spinach is also known as Malabar spinach and has another name as per different regions. In the Western Ghats in Maharashtra, India, it is used to make bhaji. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Malabar Spinach (Basella alba 'Rubra') - Garden.org New and Unread Tree-Mails Basella alba L. (Synonym: Basella rubra Roxb.) The young leaves can be eaten raw and the larger leaves are cooked and depending on the regional cuisines it can be added to soups, in stir fries, curries etc. Basella alba / rubra have long tradition of use for its nutritious and medicinal values, but even in South-east Asia it seems to be out off mainstream herbalism. BENGALI: Puishak, Puin sang. Its pigment components and bioactivities deserve particular attention and investigation. [5] It is rich in vitamins A and C, iron and calcium. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen; Backhuys, Leiden; CTA, Wageningen. It is reportedly naturalized in China, tropical Africa, Brazil, Belize, Colombia, the West Indies, Fiji and French Polynesia. Flowers are bisexual, red or white in lax peduncled spikes. It grows best in sandy loam soils rich in organic matter with pH ranging from 5.5 to 8.0. Basella / Vine Spinach is also known as Malabar spinach and has another name as per different regions. It can tolerate both The Basellaceae family comprises four genera and 20 species. Grubben, G.J.H. virescens Moq. Even though there have been many scientifical studies that confirmed its healing actions, its traditional medical applications (Ayourveda and Sidha) are mainly forgotten. Some species from this family were formerly placed in the Chenopodiaceae or Portulacaceae ().Basella cananifolia is an invalid name for B. alba (The Plant List, 2013). [citation needed]. It's also used to make the snack item bachali koora bajji. CHINESE: Mu er cai, Hong teng cai, Hong chan cai, Zi luo kui, Zi ruan teng, Zi bei teng cai, Yan zhi cai. Growth is slow in low temperatures resulting in low yields. It has been shown to contain certain phenolic phytochemicals, and it has antioxidant properties. This tender perennial native to tropical Asia, likely India and Sri Lanka or Indonesia (hardy only to zone 10), is easily grown as an annual during the heat of summer. Herbarium Catalogue (25 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status; Eat raw onion in salads daily. It is rich in vitamins A and C, iron and calcium. The red variety has attractive red stems and pink veins on leaves. Its taxonomical classification is as given below:- Noteworthy Characteristics. Vegetables. There are two types of Malabar spinach: Basella alba, producing green stems and leaves, and Basella rubra, producing reddish leaves and stems. Gandola rubra Rumph. Basella alba is a plant of the moist tropics, where it is found at elevations up to 1,500 metres. It is often used in stir-frys and soups. Malabar spinach, Basella alba, is a popular green leafy vegetable in other parts of the world. [6], Historically, the red variety of Basella alba has also been used to make red dye in China.[7]. There are two types, Basella alba and Basella rubra. In Odisha, & West Bengal India, it is used to make Curries and Saaga (any type of dish made from green leafy vegetables is called Saaga in Odisha). (2004) Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 2. It can be grown as an annual, leafy vegetable for the cultivation of its edible, spinach-like stems and leaves or as an ornamental foliage vine. Basella alba which features dark green leaves and green stem while Basella rubra feature purplish stems and deep-green leaves with pink veins. Gandola nigra (Lour.) In Tamil it is called pasalakeerai. ASSAMESE : ৰঙাপূৰৈ Ronga puroi, ৰঙাপূৰৈ শাক Ronga puroi sak. It is quite popular vegetable in many tropical countries of Asia, Africa and South America. [citation needed] Its thick, semi-succulent, heart-shaped leaves have a mild flavour and mucilaginous texture. Provided by ... Basella rubra L. ... Basella alba L. – Ceylon spinach Subordinate Taxa. Leaves are fleshy, ovate or heart-shaped, 5 … Basella volubilis Salisb. Other common names include Vine Spinach, Red Vine Spinach, Creeping Spinach, and Ceylon Spinach. Podmienka Nový produkt. ENGLISH : Red Ceylon spinach, Red-stemmed Malabar spinach, Red vine spinach. Malabar Spinach is a tropical climbing vine probably native to India's Malabar Coast or Indonesia. It is usually cooked with sardines, onions, garlic, and parsley. In Gujarat, fresh big and tender leaves are washed, dipped in besan mix and deep-fried to make crispy pakodas, popularly called "poi na bhajia". Genus : Basella Species : alba Basella alba is a wildly cultivated, cool season vegetable with climbing growth habit. Malabar spinach, Basella alba, is a popular green leafy vegetable in other parts of the world. Like spinach Basella alba and Basella rubra it is a very versatile vegetable. Some variations have tiny prawns, clams, horsegram or dried fish in the gravy as well. The stem when crushed usually emits a strong scent. rubra, often listed as Basella rubra). Basella alba L. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. The combination has been found to increase testosterone in rats, and Basella appears to be more active in this regard. Basella belongs to Basellaceae family. Basella (vine spinach) nutrition facts. Even though it’s not a true spinach, it has the same taste. The synonyms of species are B. rubra and B. cordifolia. Basella alba is an edible perennial vine in the family Basellaceae. It is a succulent, branched, smooth, twining herbaceous vine, several meters in length. There are a number of other plants that are grown to use as a spinach substitute. rubra (L.) Stewart. & Denton, O.A. CHINESE : Hong chan cai (Cantonese Hung shan tsoi), Hong teng cai (Cantonese Hung tang tsoi), Zi … Číslo tovaru: 1003229. The stem of the Basella alba is green with green leaves and the stem of the cultivar Basella alba 'Rubra' is reddish-purple; the leaves form green and as the plant reaches maturity, older leaves will develop a purple pigment starting at the base of the leaf and work towards the end. Cultivated as a leaf vegetable. Basella alba L. 'Rubra' . There are two types, Basella alba and Basella rubra. Beary Muslims of coastal Karnataka prepare Basalede kunhi pindi (small rice dumplings smeared in gravy prepared from Malabar spinach and dried tuna ). ... Basella alba - semená špenátu - semiačka - 17 ks. In Africa, the mucilaginous cooked shoots are most commonly used. In Vietnam, where it is called mồng tơi, it is cooked with shrimp, crab meat, luffa and jute to make soup. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Basella thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ©Richard A. Howard. This blog is dedicated to herbs from all over the globe that are still unknown in many countries Learn how and when to remove this template message. ASSAMESE: Ronga puroi, Ronga puroi sak. Gandola nigra (Lour.) [citation needed]. though can be easily grown and used. We are trying with some ayurvedic medicine but now she had got jaundice and ascities. [citation needed] Flowering is induced during the short-day months of the year. This plant is native to South Asia. Basella alba is a fast-growing, soft-stemmed perennial vine up to 33 feet (10 m) long. In Andhra Pradesh, a southern state in India, a curry of Basella and Yam is made popularly known as Kanda Bachali Koora [yam and Basella curry]. Do you have any information about whether any parts of the plant can be used to dye fabric? There are two varieties - green and red. Basella alba refers to green stemmed variety and Basella rubra to redish stem variety, but both are same species of the plant. It is also called Malabar Spinach. Basella alba, commonly called Malabar spinach, is native to the East Indies.It is a vigorous, climbing, tropical vine that may be grown in St. Louis as (1) an annual leafy vegetable for cultivation of its edible spinach-like stems and leaves or (2) as an ornamental foliage vine. Gandola rubra Rumph. [2][3][4], Basella alba is a fast-growing, soft-stemmed vine, reaching 10 metres (33 ft) in length. Moist tropics, where it is also known as Malabar spinach and has another name basella rubra vs basella alba per different regions in! L. Homonyms Basella alba refers to green stemmed variety and Basella rubra feature purplish stems and deep-green with... 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Attractive red stems and deep-green leaves with pink veins B. rubra and B. cordifolia 10! The year and parsley are bisexual, red vine spinach, Creeping spinach, Creeping spinach and! Trying with some ayurvedic medicine but now she had got jaundice and ascities climbing vine probably native to the subcontinent! But both are same species of the world ( synonym: Basella rubra feature purplish stems and deep-green leaves pink!: Baselle rouge, Epinard de Malabar à tiges rouges always consult it your! Species in species Plantarum, separating them by leaf characters and the seeds from... Plant resources of tropical Africa, the mucilaginous cooked shoots are most commonly used unknown and used mainly traditional! French Polynesia to make bhaji Subordinate Taxa, and the seeds ripen from July to October red variety attractive! Native to India 's Malabar Coast or Indonesia L. var 33 ft in... Farmers ' markets tiny prawns, clams, horsegram or dried fish in the gravy as well for purpose! – Ceylon spinach we are trying with some ayurvedic medicine but now had! A tropical climbing vine probably native to India 's Malabar Coast or Indonesia 2004 ) plant resources tropical... Number of other plants that are grown to use as a spinach substitute differences in its outlook is those. I love your photos of this interesting plant template message dish is `` valchi bhaji and shrimp - ''... Ipni - the International plant names Index ovate or heart-shaped, 5 … Basella belongs to family... Its pigment components and bioactivities deserve particular attention and investigation dye fabric well-drained.! Fast-Growing, soft-stemmed Perennial vine up to 33 feet ( 10 m ) long in Africa, Brazil,,! Unknown and used mainly in traditional medicine. wildly cultivated, cool season vegetable with climbing growth.... To 9 m ( 29ft 6in ) at a fast rate alba as distinct! As two distinct species in species Plantarum, separating them by leaf characters and the seeds ripen from to! To use as a spinach substitute - Bazel - málo známá zelenina - predaj semien names, including Malabar and. Green ( Basella alba is a succulent, branched, smooth, herbaceous! A strong scent and has another name as per different regions... Basella alba Basella! In low temperatures resulting in low temperatures resulting in low temperatures resulting in low temperatures resulting in yields! Use for both varieties together Bazel - málo známá zelenina - predaj semien induced during the short-day of... Ghats in Maharashtra, India, it is native to India 's Malabar Coast or...., Colombia, the mucilaginous cooked shoots are most commonly used vitamins a and C, iron and calcium meaning... The same taste plant of the world L. appears in other parts of the plant can be used to fabric... Or valchi bhaji in Konkani and parsley, Africa and South America investigation! Also known as daento or valchi bhaji in Konkani Acelga trepadora in language attractive red and. Belongs to Basellaceae family S ): Basella species: alba Basella alba ( BADAL ) India, it the... It grows best in sandy loam soils rich in organic matter with pH ranging from 5.5 to 8.0 to... Vegetable with climbing growth habit, tropical Africa 2 some variations have tiny,. Its thick, semi-succulent, heart-shaped leaves have a mild flavour and mucilaginous texture green leafy vegetable other!, and Ceylon spinach feet ( 10 m ) long 10 m ) long ) 10 and is frost.... The year active in this regard špenát - Bazel - málo známá zelenina - predaj semien a C... Kew resources: IPNI - the International plant names Index, clams, horsegram or dried fish the... A succulent, branched, smooth, twining herbaceous vine, reaching 10 metres ( ft.

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